Beruflicher Werdegang

  • Munich, Germany 4/2014 –
    LMU Munich, Professor of Human Resource Education and Development
  • Zurich, Switzerland 2/2015 –
    University of Zurich, Faculty of Economics and Management, Guest Lecturer
  • Berkeley, CA, United States 1/2013 – 02/2014
    University of California Berkeley, Institute for Research on Labor and Employment,Visiting Scholar
  • Bern, Switzerland 2011 – 3/2014
    University of Bern, Centre for Research in Economics of Education, Deputy Head
  • Bonn, Germany 2012 – present
    IZA - Institute of Labor Economics, Research Fellow
  • Maastricht, Netherlands 2022 – present
    Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market (ROA), Maastricht University
  • 2022 – present: Research Fellow
    Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (BIBB), Bonn, Germany
  • Germany 2012 – present
    Research Committee Economics of Education of the German Economic Association
  • 2021– present
    European Expert Network on Economics of Education, Member
  • Switzerland, 2020 – 2024
    Steering Committee Member NRP 77 ”Digital Transformation”, Swiss National Science Foundation
  • London, UK 4/2009 – 7/2009
    King’s College London, Visiting Academic


  • Bern, Switzerland 2004–2008
    University of Bern
    Dr.rer.oec. (summa cum laude)
    Supervisors: Prof. Dr. Stefan C. Wolter, Prof. Dr. Robert E. Leu
  • Bern, Switzerland 1999-2004
    University of Bern
    Lic.rer.pol. (Economics)
  • Vancouver BC, Canada 2000 - 2001
    University of British Columbia
    Visiting Student
    Honours Undergraduate Programme in Economics


  • Personnel Economics, Economics of Education, Labor Economics


  • Quantitative Methods, LMU Munich School of Management (PhD core course, 2020–)
    Apprenticeship Training: Institutions and Markets, LMU Munich (PhD core course, 2018, 2019, joint with Paul Ryan, University of Cambridge, and Ursula Renold, ETH/KOF Zurich)
  • Human Resource Development: A Global Perspective, LMU Munich (Graduate level, sem-inar, 2021–)
  • Recent Topics in Human Resource Development, LMU Munich (Graduate level, seminar, 2017-2020)
  • Empirical methods in Human Resource Education and Management (using STATA and R), LMU Munich (Graduate level, 2015–)
  • Advanced Human Resource Development, LMU Munich (Graduate level, 2015–)
  • Institutions and Vocational Education and Training Policy (HRE & M III), LMU Munich (Undergraduate level, 2015–)
  • Workshop in Human Capital Theory, LMU Munich (PhD seminar, 2015)
  • Managing Education and Training in Firms/for Firms, University of Zurich (Graduate level, 2015–)
  • Selected Topics in Human Resource Education and Management, LMU Munich (Seminar, graduate level, 2014)
  • Recent Topics in Economics of Education and Personnel Economics, University of Bern (Seminar, graduate level, 2010, 2011).
  • Economics of Personnel and Training, University of Bern (Undergraduate level, 2011, 2012).
  • Labour Economics, MSc in Vocational Education and Training, Swiss Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training, Zollikofen (Graduate level, fall term 2010).

Ausgewählte Publikationen

  • Muehlemann, S. and H. Pfeifer (2023). Evaluating apprenticeship training programs for firms. IZA World of Labor, forthcoming.
  • Muehlemann, S., H. Dietrich, G. Pfann and H. Pfeifer (2022). Shocks in the Market for Apprenticeship Training. Economics of Education Review, 86 (February 2022), 1-18.
  • Muehlemann, S. and S. C. Wolter (2021). Business Cycles and Apprenticeships. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Economics and Finance.
  • Muehlemann, S., H. Peifer and B. Wittek (2020). The effect of business cycle expecta-tions on the German apprenticeship market: estimating the impact of Covid-19. Empirical Research in Vocational Education and Training 12(1), 1-30.
  • Koch, B., S. Muehlemann and H. Pfeifer (2019). Do works councils improve the quality of apprenticeship training? Evidence from German workplace data. Journal of Participation and Employee Ownership, 2(1), 47-59
  • Muehlemann, S. and M. Strupler Leiser (2018). Hiring costs and labor market tightness. Labour Economics 52, 122-131.
  • Muehlemann, S. and H. Pfeifer (2016). The structure of hiring costs in Germany. Industrial Relations, 55(2),193–218
  • Blatter, M., S. Muehlemann, S. Schenker and S. C. Wolter, S.C. (2016). Hiring Costs for Skilled Workers and the Supply of Firm-Provided Training. Oxford Economic Papers, 68(1), 238-257
  • Muehlemann, S. and S.C. Wolter (2014). Return on investment of apprenticeship systems for enterprises: Evidence from cost-benefit analyses. IZA Journal of Labor Policy, 3(25), 1-22.
  • Muehlemann, S. (2014). Training participation of internationalized firms: establishment-level evidence for Switzerland. Empirical Research in Vocational Education and Training, 6:5, 1-11.
  • Kriechel, B., S. Muehlemann, H.Pfeifer and M. Schuette (2014). Works councils, collective bargaining and apprenticeship training. Industrial Relations 53(2), 199-222.
  • Muehlemann, S., P. Ryan and S. C. Wolter (2013). Monopsony power, pay structure and training. Industrial and Labor Relations Review 66(5), 1095-1112.
  • Blatter, M., S. Muehlemann and S. Schenker (2012). The Costs of Hiring Skilled Workers. European Economic Review 56(1), 20-35.
  • Muehlemann, S. and S. C. Wolter (2011). Firm-sponsored Training and Poaching External-ities in Regional Labor Markets. Regional Science and Urban Economics 41(6), 560-570.
  • Muehlemann, S., H. Pfeifer, G. Walden, F. Wenzelmann and S.C. Wolter (2010). The Financing of Apprenticeship Training in the Light of Labor Market Regulations. Labour Economics 17(5), 751-874.


  • Muehlemann, S. (2024). Supply and Demand Shocks in Apprenticeship Markets and the Role of Institutions. In: R´obert, P. and Saar, E. (eds.). Handbook on Education and the Labour Market, Edward Elgar Publishing, forthcoming.
  • Muehlemann, S. and S. C. Wolter (2020). The Economics of Vocational Training. In: Bradley, S. and C. Green (eds.). Economics of Education. 2nd Edition, Elsevier.
  • Muehlemann S. (2019). Measuring performance in vocational education and training and the employer’s decision to invest in workplace training. In: Unwin, L. and Guile, D. (eds), Wiley Handbook on Vocational Education and Training, 187-206.

Stipendien und Auszeichnungen

  • Leading House Best Paper Award 2018 (runner-up prize for the paper ”Hiring costs and labor market tightness”).
  • Research grant from the Hans-Boeckler-Foundation (Germany), Project ”Quality of work-based training in firms”, joint with the Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (EUR 174,000; 2016-2018)
  • Leading House Best Paper Award 2016 (1st prize for the paper ”The Structure of Hiring Costs in Germany”).
  • Leading House Best Paper Award 2015 (1st prize for the paper ”Hiring Costs for Skilled Workers and the Supply of Firm-Provided Training”).
  • Research grant from the Bertelsmann Foundation (Germany), Project ”Apprenticeship training in Spain – a cost-effective model for firms?”. Joint project with University of Bern (EUR 30,000; 9/2014-7/2015).
  • Leading House Best Paper Award 2014 (runner-up prize for the paper ”Works councils, collective bargaining, and apprenticeship training: Evidence from German firms”).
  • Leading House Best Paper Award 2013 (1st prize for the paper ”Monopsony Power, Pay Structure, and Training”).


Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, Applied Economics Quarterly, The B.E. Jour-nal of Economic Analysis & Policy, British Journal of Industrial Relations, Economics of Education Review, Education Economics, Empirical Economics, Empirical Research in Vo-cational Education and Training, European Journal of Political Economy, Evidence-based HRM, German Journal of Human Resource Management, IZA Journal of Labor Economics, Human Resource Management Journal, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Industrial Relations, International Journal of Manpower, IZA Journal of Labor Economics, Journal of the European Economic Association, Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Jour-nal for Labour Market Research, Journal of Economics and Statistics, Journal of Labor Economics, Journal of Human Resources, Journal of Regional Science, Labour Economics, LABOUR, Oxford Economic Papers, Regional Science and Urban Economics, Regional Studies, Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Schmalenbach Business Review, Scottish Jour-nal of Political Economy, Socio-Economic Review, Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics

Mühlemann CV (PDF, 122 KB)

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